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RTO and RPO in SQL Server for Disaster Recovery & Management

Published By Nilesh Kumar
Debasish Pramanik
Approved By Debasish Pramanik
Published On January 12th, 2024
Reading Time 6 Minutes Reading
Category SQL Server

Summary: We are going to explore the role of RTO and RPO in SQL server in-depth. This article is going to explain to users what does RTO and RPO stand for. Moreover, its metrics are also there as per your business model. Last but not least, it explains the backup strategy along with the plan for disaster recovery.

Table of Contents

Every organization must be transparent with its RTO and RPO metrics as this significantly contributes to the business continuity & disaster recovery [BCDR] plans. Users can smartly assess the necessity of their databases, backup strategy, and much more using SQL server RTO and RPO. It enables organizations to react normally in complex scenarios like Outages, ransomware attacks, Corruption of files, etc.

Let’s move to the next section and start by learning what the RTO and RPO are that we’re discussing in a better way.

What Does RTO and RPO Stand For? Everything You Need to Know

Let’s understand what these terms stand for with a very simplistic explanation & interactive images.

# RTO – Recovery Time Objective

Now we have the RTO which simply stated the time required to make the database run again after the unwanted incident. Users can say that it states the maximum downtime limit that an organization can afford to have. This can be reduced by understanding RTO and RPO in disaster recovery with in-depth knowledge.

# RPO – Recovery Point Objective

RPO is the limit of data that you can afford to lose in any emergency situation. In simple words, it can be explained as the data stored after the last backup till the unwanted incident (outage, corruption, attack) took place. The more often you took your database backup, the less data you have to compromise.


Also Read: Introduction to SQL Server Error 15105 & Best Ways to Fix It

RTO and RPO in SQL Server for Business Continuity

Now as we know what does RTO and RPO stand for, it’s time to proceed further. Users are requested that do not think that the strategy for a particular business will go smooth with their business too. It is quite important for users to understand how these targets are integrated with businesses.

Let’s say that your business model is more likely to be dependent on offline payments & invoices. There you can set up the RTO and RPO in disaster recovery as per your needs. These need not be very strict in such businesses. However, organizations involving online transactions in a huge number may be severely get affected in a short period of time.

Analyze your business & find out the maximum RTO and RPO your business can tolerate. Let’s move further & find out what business model are you having to decide your requirements & targets.

Also Read: SQL Database Integrity Check Failed – How to Counter Fatal Errors

Know RTO and RPO Metrics for Your Business

As we say, there are 3 categories that we divide businesses to measure their standards. These categories have the RTO and RPO in disaster recovery ranging from nothing to one full day [0 to 24 hours].

  • Tier- 1: Mission Critical Databases
    The businesses that are mission-critical require about 15 Minutes for both recovery time objective and recovery point objective. Example – Banks Websites.
  • Tier-2: Business Critical Databases
    SQL server RTO and RPO of around 2 Hours to 4 Hours is required for such businesses having intermediate level urgency. Example – Mid-level eCommerce Business Websites.
  • Tier-3: The Non-Critical Databases
    Finally, we have businesses that can tolerate more than all others. Here, Such businesses are safe from 4 Hours to 24 Hours. Example – Blogging & Forum Websites.

RTO and RPO in SQL Server – Prepare Your Backup Strategy

For targeting a faster recovery, users need to reduce the RTO. However, it has a direct connection with the RPO. Because if you have fewer data to lose & take frequent backups, your recovery will be faster. We‘re going to advise you on the best backup strategy that can help you in speeding up RTO and RPO in disaster recovery.

Which Backup is Necessary
If you have a larger database, then you should combine the full, differential, transactional, partial, & tail log backups. However, for smaller & mid-size databases, full and regular log backups are sufficient.

Don’t Rely on Safety Measures
Users should not rely on safety measures totally. No matter how well protected your database is, do not avoid taking backups in any condition. This can be really helpful in the worst time as data is our most valuable asset nowadays.

Follow the 3-2-1 Backup Rule
Never keep your backup file in the same drive having the primary files. Follow the 3-2-1 rule. It says, creates 1 primary data & 2 copies of that data. Keep one copy on the system & the other offsite.

Role of RTO and RPO in Disaster Recovery Plans

Now for the recovery plan, it is advised to use the best SQL Database Recovery Tool to get back deleted, lost, and corrupted SQL database files. Users should trust this solution as even top IT experts and Microsoft’s MVPs use this.

Download Now Purchase Now

This solution can easily solve all SQL Database Corruption very easily without any hassles. Just download the tool & then follow the below-mentioned steps carefully.

Step-1. Launch Tool & then simply Click on the Open button to add MDF files.


Step-2. Select the Quick or Advanced Scan option as per the level of corruption.


Step-3. Preview Database objects & then Click on the Export option situated at the top.


Step-4. Finally, Select the Destination >> Data Files and then Click on the Export button.

step-4 RTO and RPO in SQL Server


  • Offers Quick & advance scan option to repair corrupt SQL MDF file with low to high levels of corruption.
  • The tool can export the repaired/recovered database file to SQL server, CSV file & script file for future use.
  • It has a very user-friendly interface that enables even new users to easily execute the entire operation without facing errors.
  • It can bring back missing indexes in SQL server in just a few steps without the involvement of any server complexities.

In a Nutshell

Users are requested to have a DR plan along with a backup strategy always ready & in action mode. This way they can reduce the damage as much as possible & maintain the ideal RTO and RPO in SQL server. However, users can also opt for the SQL Database Viewer if they just want to preview the data files.

The more clever strategy you can make, the better your business continuity will happen. The above-mentioned tool is a very advanced & simplistic utility that even new users can select to get all the data back. The agenda of SQL server RTO and RPO is to minimize the losses at all costs.

Also Read: How to Resolve SQL Server Error 825 In Your SQL Database Smartly